keep

keep
[[t]kip[/t]]
v. kept, keep•ing, n.
1) to hold or retain in one's possession, either permanently or temporarily
2) to hold in a given place; put or store:
to keep mints in a dish[/ex]
3) to maintain (some action), as in accordance with duty:
to keep watch[/ex]
4) to cause to continue in a given position, state, course, or action:
to keep a light burning[/ex]
5) to maintain in condition or order:
to keep a lawn mowed[/ex]
6) to maintain in usable or edible condition; preserve:
to keep meat by freezing it[/ex]
7) to hold in custody or under guard, as a prisoner
8) to cause to stay in a particular place; detain:
The work kept me at the office[/ex]
9) to have readily available for use or sale:
to keep machine parts in stock[/ex]
10) to maintain in one's service or for one's use:
to keep a car and chauffeur[/ex]
11) to associate with:
to keep bad company[/ex]
12) to have the care, charge, or custody of:
She keeps my dog when I travel[/ex]
13) to refrain from disclosing:
to keep a secret[/ex]
14) to withhold, as from use; reserve:
to keep the best wine for guests[/ex]
15) to restrain or prevent, as from an action:
to keep a pipe from leaking[/ex]
16) to control; regulate:
to keep one's temper[/ex]
17) to maintain by writing:
to keep a diary[/ex]
18) to record regularly or consistently:
to keep attendance figures[/ex]
19) to observe; obey or fulfill (a law, rule, promise, etc.)
20) to observe (a season, festival, etc.) with formalities or rites
21) to maintain or carry on, as an establishment or business; manage
22) to guard; protect:
He kept her from harm[/ex]
23) to maintain or support:
Can you keep a family on those wages?[/ex]
24) to take care of; tend:
to keep an herb garden[/ex]
25) agr. to raise and provide for the care of as owner:
to keep goats[/ex]
26) to remain in (a place, spot, etc.):
Please keep your seats[/ex]
27) to maintain one's position in or on:
to keep a job[/ex]
28) to continue to follow (a path, course, etc.)
29) to continue in an action, course, position, or state:
to keep going; to keep calm[/ex]
30) to remain in a particular place:
to keep indoors[/ex]
31) to continue without damage or spoilage:
Will the milk keep for another day?[/ex]
32) to admit of being reserved for a future occasion:
The rest of the story will keep[/ex]
33) to stay as specified (fol. by away, back, off, out, etc.):
Keep off the grass[/ex]
34) to restrain oneself; refrain (usu. fol. by from):
Try to keep from smiling[/ex]
35) phv keep at, to persevere in
36) phv keep back
a) to hold in check; restrain
b) to stay away from
37) cvb phv keep down
a) to maintain at an acceptable level; control
b) to prevent from advancing or flourishing
c) phv to avoid regurgitation of
38) phv keep on, to persevere
39) phv keep to
a) to conform to:
to keep to the rules[/ex]
b) to confine oneself to:
to keep to one's bed[/ex]
40) phv keep up
a) phv to perform as swiftly or successfully as others
b) to persevere; continue
c) to maintain in good condition or repair
d) to stay informed
41) board and lodging; support
42) for the innermost and strongest structure or central tower of a medieval castle; dungeon
Etymology: bef. 1000; ME kepen, OE cēpan to observe, heed, watch, take

From formal English to slang. 2014.

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  • Keep — (k[=e]p), v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Kept} (k[e^]pt); p. pr. & vb. n. {Keeping}.] [OE. k[=e]pen, AS. c[=e]pan to keep, regard, desire, await, take, betake; cf. AS. copenere lover, OE. copnien to desire.] 1. To care; to desire. [Obs.] [1913 Webster] I… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • keep — [kiːp] verb kept PTandPP [kept] 1. [transitive] to store something that will be useful: • The Credit Reference Agency keeps files on individuals debt records. • You should keep a supply of forms. 2 …   Financial and business terms

  • Keep — Keep, v. i. 1. To remain in any position or state; to continue; to abide; to stay; as, to keep at a distance; to keep aloft; to keep near; to keep in the house; to keep before or behind; to keep in favor; to keep out of company, or out reach.… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • keep — vb 1 Keep, observe, celebrate, solemnize, commemorate are comparable when they mean to pay proper attention or honor to something prescribed, obligatory, or demanded (as by one s nationality, religion, or rank), but they vary widely in their… …   New Dictionary of Synonyms

  • keep — [kēp] vt. kept, keeping [ME kepen < OE cœpan, to behold, watch out for, lay hold of, akin to MLowG kapen, ON kopa, to stare at < ? IE base * ĝab , to look at or for] 1. to observe or pay regard to; specif., a) to observe with due or… …   English World dictionary

  • keep — ► VERB (past and past part. kept) 1) have or retain possession of. 2) retain or reserve for use in the future. 3) put or store in a regular place. 4) (of a perishable commodity) remain in good condition. 5) continue in a specified condition,… …   English terms dictionary

  • Keep — Keep, n. 1. The act or office of keeping; custody; guard; care; heed; charge. Chaucer. [1913 Webster] Pan, thou god of shepherds all, Which of our tender lambkins takest keep. Spenser. [1913 Webster] 2. The state of being kept; hence, the… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • keep — keep; green·keep·er; house·keep; house·keep·er; keep·able; keep·er·ing; keep·er·ship; keep·sake; store·keep; keep·er; …   English syllables

  • Keep — 〈f. 20; Seemannsspr.〉 Kerbe, Rille * * * Keep, die; , en [aus dem Niederd. < mniederd. kēp, wohl verw. mit ↑ kappen] (Seemannsspr.): Rille, Kerbe (in einer Boje, einem Block, Mast o. Ä.), die einem darumgelegten Tau Halt gibt. * * * I Keep   …   Universal-Lexikon

  • keep — I (continue) verb be constant, be steadfast, carry forward, carry on, endure, extend, forge ahead, go on, keep going, last, lengthen, live on, maintain, move ahead, never cease, perpetuate, perseverare, persevere, persist, press onward, progress …   Law dictionary

  • keep — The construction keep + object + from + ing verb is idiomatic in current English: • His hands held flat over his ears as if to keep his whole head from flying apart Martin Amis, 1978. The intransitive use of keep + from + ing verb is recorded in… …   Modern English usage

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